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美国伍兹霍尔海洋研究所(2):在WHOI的华裔科技人员、学生

热度 8已有 15119 次阅读2011-5-2 16:08 |

综述/翻译:林间(美国伍兹霍尔海洋研究所);信息来源: http://www.whoi.edu

伍兹霍尔海洋研究所(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution),简称WHOI,为美国最大的私立海洋研究所。WHOI共设五个系: 应用海洋物理及工程系(Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering)、生物学系(Biology)、地质地球物理学系(Geology and Geophysics)、海洋化学地球化学系(Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry)、物理海洋学系(Physical Oceanography)。另设海洋政策中心(Marine Policy Center)等机构。

2009年WHOI全所固定人员约为1045人,另有博士后研究生约191人,以及客座访问研究人员、学生208人。WHOI成员的分类如下:
- 终生制系列科学家(Tenure-Track Scientific Staff)150人;
- 技术、工程人员(Technical Staff)237人;
- 研究与技术支持人员(Research and Technical Support Staff)168人;
- 行政,设施和服务人员(Administrative,Facilities,and Service Staff)293人;
- 海洋船员(Marine Crew)119人;
- 名誉退休后继续研究的科学家/技术、工程人员(Emeritus Scientific and Technical Staff)51人;
- 兼职科学家(Adjunct Scientists)41人;
- 博士后68人;
- MIT/WHOI学生119人;
- 来自世界各国及美国各院校的客座访问研究人员(Guest and Visiting Investigators)172人;
- 客座访问学生(Guest Students)36人。

目前在WHOI各个系的华裔大约50-60多名(因人员流动,只能估约),其中包括如下成员:
- 终生制系列的科学家(Scientific Staff)10名;名誉退休科学家(Scientist Emeritus)1名;
- 技术、工程人员(Technical Staff)4-7名;
- 兼职科学家(Adjunct Scientists)3-5名;
- 博士后9-11名左右;
- MIT/WHOI Joint Program学生5-6名;
- 客座访问研究人员13-15名; 
- 客座访问学生5-8名。

现在WHOI每个系都有1-3名终生制系列的华裔科学家,而1986年黄瑞新老师来WHOI以前几乎没有。华裔在博士后人数中超过10%。客座访问研究人员和学生近年来也增加不少,而且持续不断。这些都是可喜的进步。但总的来讲亚裔科学家在美国海洋科技界中的比例远不如在物理、工程界中的比例高。

以下为几位WHOI的Scientific Staff同行的研究兴趣简介(按姓氏英文字母排列)。

Rui Xin Huang(黄瑞新)
Scientist Emeritus;formerly Senior Scientist and W. Van Alan Clark, Jr., Chair for Excellence in Oceanography
Dept. of Physical Oceanography
(研究兴趣)Theoretical and numerical study of oceanic general circulation, especially thermocline and thermohaline circulation and their links to climate dynamics.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=rhuang
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu/science/po/people/rhuang/

Rubao Ji (季如宝)
Associate Scientist
Dept. of Biology
(研究兴趣)Coupled biological-physical numerical modeling
.  Food web dynamics in estuarine & coastal ocean
.  Phytoplankton bloom dynamics.  
Zooplankton population dynamics.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/sites/rji/
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu/sbl/liteSite.do?litesiteid=3051

Di Jin(金迪)
Senior Scientist
Marine Policy Center
(研究兴趣)Resource and environmental economics; offshore oil and gas exploration and production; fisheries and aquaculture; marine pollution; shipbuilding and marine transportation; waste management; quantitative methods in economic research.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=djin
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu/hpb/Site.do?id=172

Houshuo Jiang
Associate Scientist w/ Tenure
Dept. of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering
(研究兴趣)Small-scale biological-physical interactions, predator and prey perception in copepods, zooplankton ecology.  Bio-fluid dynamics, hydrodynamics of copepod swimming, feeding and sensing, computational fluid dynamics study of the fish lateral line detection.  Applied computational fluid dynamics.  Marine meteorology, air-sea interaction, atmospheric mesoscale numerical modeling over the Red Sea.  Environmental fluid mechanics, large-eddy simulation of flow and sediment transport over ripples.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=hsjiang
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu:80/hpb/Site.do?id=173

Jian Lin(林间)
Senior Scientist and Henry Bryant Bigelow Chair for Excellence in Oceanography
Dept. of Geology and Geophysics
(研究兴趣) Marine geophysics and computational geodynamics; thermal and tectonic evolution of oceanic crust and lithosphere; mantle melting processes; oceanic hotspots and mid-ocean ridges; hydrothermal interactions between the lithosphere and oceans; earthquake stress transfer and fault mechanics; interactions between tsunamis and underwater earthquakes.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=jlin
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=39595

Ying-Tsong Lin
Assistant Scientist
Dept. of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering
(研究兴趣)Sound propagation physics and modeling; Continental shelf and shelfbreak oceanographic processes and their effects on sound propagation; Acoustical oceanography; Inverse problem.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=ytlin
(研究组网页)http://acoustics.whoi.edu/

Yajing Liu(刘亚静)
Assistant Scientist
Dept. of Geology and Geophysics
(研究兴趣)Subduction earthquake nucleation and rupture propagation processes.  Physical mechanism of aseismic deformation transients, deep non-volcanic tremors, dynamic and static stress triggering of low-frequency earthquakes and transients.  Pore fluid pressure coupling with frictional strength and slip.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=yliu
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu:80/hpb/Site.do?id=9492

Zhaohui Aleck Wang(王朝辉)
Assistant Scientist
Dept. of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry
(研究兴趣)Seawater carbonate chemistry; carbon cycling; air-sea CO2 exchange.  Chemical sensor developments for in-situ measurements of the seawater CO2 system (pH, pCO2/fCO2, total dissolved inorganic carbon, and total alkalinity), nutrients, and trace metals.  Coastal carbon and nutrient biogeochemistry.  Chemical oceanography and marine biogeochemistry. 
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=zawang
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu:80/hpb/Site.do?id=8872

Jiayan Yang
Senior Scientist
Dept. of Physical Oceanography
(研究兴趣)Numerical and theoretical studies of ocean circulation; Arctic oceanography and climate changes; interactions between open ocean and marginal and shelf seas.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=jyang

Lisan Yu
Associate Scientist w/ Tenure
Dept. of Physical Oceanography
(研究兴趣)Synoptical-to-interannual variability and interactions in the tropical atmosphere-ocean; stochastic dynamics of El Nino Southern Oscillation; data assimilation methodologies for using satellite and in situ observations to improve climate model predictions.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=lyu
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu/science/PO/people/lyu/
(研究组网页)http://oaflux.whoi.edu/

Weifeng Gordon Zhang
Assistant Scientist
Dept. of Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering
(研究兴趣)Numerical ocean modeling; Data assimilation; Model-based observing system design; Biophysical interactions; Coastal ocean data analysis.
(WHOI网页)http://www.whoi.edu/profile.do?id=wzhang
(个人网页)http://www.whoi.edu:80/hpb/Site.do?id=9472

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