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[胡锐]Walter Munk——或许是世界上最伟大的物理海洋学家

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JO_Editor1 发表于 2013-1-15 01:24:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 JO_Editor1 于 2013-1-15 01:29 编辑

标题加了或许是因为自己见识太少怕因为自己的无知而遗漏了哪位大师。

但在眼界狭隘的我看来, Munk就是世界上最伟大的物理海洋学家。

有冲动写Munk是缘于在读论文时看到有人引用了Munk2006的一篇文章。 而原来院里国内海洋先驱赫崇本的简介里, 提到过赫崇本在20世纪40年代和Munk有过合作。 当然Munk的1950年的边界层理论大概是每一个搞海洋的人都学过背过的。他老人家有名的著作很多就不在这里列举的。

其实有名的海洋学理论世界上历史上还是有不少的, 令我感到最为惊讶的是著作在时间上的跨度。长达多半个世纪的活跃期是在之前我看来是不可想象的。好奇心驱使, 我便在google上对Munk进行了搜索。结果更是令我大吃一惊。

Walter Munk居然是1917年生人!今年是2013年, 将近百岁的他在2012年都还是有新的著作出版, 他老人家的活力和执着无需多言。

世界上的天才各个领域都有很多, 但很多天才往往因为行为极端或工作强度过大而英年早逝。虽然或许是先天的基因使然, Munk能够在生活和工作上实现一个非常好的平衡是最令我佩服的一点。

下面是2009年一篇对Munk的报道, 传奇还在继续。

(来源:http://www.joyocean.org/home.php ... do=blog&id=2158

http://www.cbs8.com/story/986673 ... ving-oceanographers

Walter Munk: One Of The World's Greatest Living Oceanographers

He is considered by many to be a genius in Oceanography. Walter Munk's wave forecasting has impacted the world in ways you may never have guessed.

His science helped our military make safe amphibious landings during World War II. He's in the ranks with Thomas Edison as far as great inventors are concerned. Even today, we benefit from his studies and research in wave motion, and his curiosity about physical science is just as strong today as it was nearly 70 years ago.

If there was a king of rock in oceanography, this man would get the crown. His achievements and medals are extensive. The Navy has honored him, in addition to various scientific organizations worldwide. Munk has made tremendous discoveries in physical oceanography. One of his most well-known accomplishments: surf forecasting.

"Wave prediction is something new and I was very much involved. It was the beginning of my career because during World War II I was involved in predicting landing conditions for amphibious landings," he said.

It was a critical time in history when Munk and past director of Scripps, Harold Sverdrup, utilized their method of forecasting surf, known as the Sverdrup/Munk Theory.

"When it came to the Normandy landing, they used the method that I had worked on. They used the British work but there were some very high ranking meteorological offices that did the prediction. I wish we could have been involved, but we were not directly involved," Munk said.

Wave forecasting called for the delay of the Normandy landing. Munk reveals intimate details of that day - something you may not find in history books.

"The Normandy landing is famous because weather conditions were very poor and you may not realize it was postponed by General Eisenhower for 24 hours because of the prevailing wave conditions. And then he did decide, in spite of the fact that conditions were not favorable, it would be better to go in than lose the surprise element, which would have been lost if they waited for the next tidal cycle two weeks," Munk said.

Munk has not stopped working since beginning his career at Scrippps nearly 70 years ago. He continues to be involved in groundbreaking projects at Scripps and around the world. At 91, he's as energetic as ever.

"I have not retired. I am 91. I should go to sleep somewhere I guess, but I enjoy working on problems, so I am given the chance to do so," he said.

When asked about the future of our climate, Munk says more research is needed in rising ocean temperatures.

"I am very concerned that not much is being done about the heating of the oceans," he said.

It's a subject he started investigating long before global warming became a household phrase.

"Two-thirds of the heat that's been added in the last 50 years has gone into the ocean, and only one-thirds in the atmosphere. If there wasn't available ocean on this planet for heat storage, the warming of the atmosphere would have been three times as big," Munk said.


Munk in Stockholm in 2010 to accept his Crafoord Prize.

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海之子 发表于 2013-1-15 06:35:34 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 xinhuangwhoi 于 2013-1-16 20:22 编辑

"其实有名的海洋学理论世界上历史上还是有不少的, 令我感到最为惊讶的是著作在时间上的跨度。长达多半个世纪的活跃期是在之前我看来是不可想象的。好奇心驱使, 我便在google上对Munk进行了搜索。结果更是令我大吃一惊。
Walter Munk居然是1917年生人!今年是2013年, 将近百岁的他在2012年都还是有新的著作出版, 他老人家的活力和执着无需多言。"

按金庸关于“九阴真经”的故事,人要活得久,才能成为“笑得最好”。Stommel & Lorenz在1983年获得Crafoord Prize(第一次给地学科学家颁奖)。不过,他们都已经过世了。Munk两年前新婚,当然是无人能比。最能令人羡慕的是周有光。他最近108岁生日,还健在。他100岁还出书。(百度等网站均有报道。)
jlinwhoi 发表于 2013-1-16 12:32:14 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 jlinwhoi 于 2013-1-16 12:52 编辑

以下根据维基百科(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crafoord_Prizehttp://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/克拉福德奖):

克拉福德奖(Crafoord Prize)在1980年由人工肾脏发明者霍尔格·克拉福德和他的妻子安娜-格蕾塔·克拉福德设立,瑞典皇家科学院管理。设立目的是对诺贝尔奖遗漏的科学领域的基本研究予以提倡和奖励。这些领域有数学、地球科学、生物科学(特别是关于生态学和进化论)和天文学。每年只颁发一个奖项。现在奖金为500,000美元,用以资助获奖者作更深入研究。

得奖者列表:
1982 数学: Vladimir Arnold(弗拉基米尔·阿诺尔德)和 L. Nirenberg
1983 地球科学:Edward Lorenz 和 Henry Stommel(Geophysical hydrodynamics)
1984 生物科学:Daniel H. Janzen
1985 天文学:Lyman Spitzer(萊曼·史匹哲)
1986 地球科学:Claude Allègre 和 Gerald J. Wasserburg(Isotope geochemical relations)
1987 生物科学:Eugene P. Odum 和 Howard T. Odum
1988 数学:Pierre Deligne(皮埃尔·德利涅)和 Alexander Grothendieck(亚历山大·格罗滕迪克)
1989 天文学:James Van Allen
1990 生物科学:Paul R. Ehrlich 和 Edward Osborne Wilson
1991 天文学:Allan Rex Sandage(艾伦·桑德奇)
1992 古生物:Adolf Seilacher(Research into evolution of life)
1993 生物科学:W. D. Hamilton 和 Seymour Benzer
1994 数学:Simon Donaldson(西蒙·唐纳森)和 Shing-Tung Yau(丘成桐)
1995 地球科学:Willi Dansgaard 和 Nicholas Shackleton(Development of isotope geological analysis methods)
1996 生物科学:Robert M. May
1997 天文学:Fred Hoyle 和 Edwin Salpeter(愛德溫·歐內斯特·薩爾皮特)
1998 地球科学:Don L. Anderson 和 Adam M. Dziewonski(Study of the structures and processes in the interior of the Earth)
1999 生物科学:Ernst Mayr、John Maynard Smith 和 George C. Williams(喬治·威廉斯)
2000 关节炎:Marc Feldmann 和 Ravinder N. Maini
2001 数学:Alain Connes(阿兰·孔涅)
2002 地球科学:Dan P. McKenzie(Dynamics of the lithosphere)
2003 生物科学:Carl Woese
2004 关节炎:Eugene Butcher 和 Timothy A. Springer
2005 天文学:James Gunn、James Peebles 和 Martin Rees(馬丁·里斯)
2006 地球科学:Wallace S. Broecker(Research into the global carbon cycle)
2007 生物科学:Robert L. Trivers
2008 天文学:Rashid Alievich Sunyaev(拉希德·辛亚耶夫);数学:Maxim Kontsevich(马克西姆·孔采维奇)和 Edward Witten(爱德华·威滕)
2009 关节炎:Charles A. Dinarello、Tadamitsu Kishimoto(岸本忠三)和 Toshio Hirano(平野俊夫)
2010 地球科学:Walter Munk("for his pioneering and fundamental contributions to our understanding of ocean circulation, tides and waves, and their role in the Earth’s dynamics".)
2011 生物科学:Ilkka Hanski
2012 天文学:Reinhard Genzel 和 Andrea M. Ghez;数学:Jean Bourgain(让·布尔甘)和 Terence Tao(陶哲轩)
ltiansio 发表于 2013-1-16 22:46:29 | 显示全部楼层
Yes, he is a great scientist, and still very active. I remembered I saw him in the seminars when I was in SIO.
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